doctoral thesis
Bibliographic modelling of transmedia resources

Ana Vukadin (2017)
University of Zadar
Metadata
TitleModel za bibliografsku organizaciju transmedijske građe
AuthorAna Vukadin
Mentor(s)Mirna Willer
Abstract
Tema rada je mogućnost poboljšanja bibliografske organizacije informacija o transmediju u okviru dvaju konceptualnih modela bibliografskih podataka, FRBR-Library Reference Model (FRBR-LRM) i FRBRoo. Transmedij je prijenos dijelova iste sadržajne cjeline kroz različite medije (npr. književni tekst, film, strip itd.), koji moţe uključivati i interaktivne objekte, događaje i tehnologije. Ključni elementi bibliografske organizacije transmedija su okupljanje dijelova transmedijske cjeline i ekspliciranje odnosa među njima. Međutim, zbog svoje složene strukture transmedij predstavlja izazov za uvriježene bibliografske standarde, formate i radne procese. Stoga se u radu istražuju mogućnosti koje navedeni konceptualni modeli pružaju za bolju organizaciju i prikaz transmedijske građe u knjižničnim katalozima i drugim bibliografskim informacijskim sustavima. Ujedno je cilj rada vrednovati modele iz perspektive konzumenata transmedija. Pritom se uzimaju u obzir razlike između dvaju modela u formalnom jeziku, namjeni i stupnju apstrakcije. FRBR-LRM je model entiteta i odnosa čiji je cilj prikazati logičku strukturu bibliografskog univerzuma na visokoj razini apstrakcije. FRBRoo je nastao harmonizacijom modela FR-obitelji (prethodnika FRBR-LRM-a) s konceptualnim modelom za dokumentaciju kulturne baštine CIDOC CRM, od kojega je naslijedio formalni jezik (objektno orijentirani model), niži stupanj apstrakcije u odnosu na FRBR-LRM te usmjerenost na modeliranje procesa i zbivanja. U istraživanju se nastoji utvrditi koja su svojstva transmedija važna za bibliografsku organizaciju, kako bi se ispitalo mogu li se uklopiti u semantičku strukturu modela FRBR-LRM i FRBRoo. Istraživanje se temelji na metodi konceptualnog modeliranja podataka, a metodološki je smješteno unutar interpretivističke ili subjektivističke paradigme. To znači da se univerzum diskursa (područje stvarnog svijeta prikazano u modelu) promatra kao konstrukt koji ovisi o iskustvima i očekivanjima promatrača, dok se modeliranje ne shvaća kao opis objektivne stvarnosti, već kao postupak kojim se entiteti i njihovi odnosi konstruiraju u skladu s potrebama korisnika informacijskog sustava na temelju unaprijed utvrđenih ciljeva. Stoga je analiza zahtjeva, faza modeliranja u kojoj se identificiraju potrebe i ciljevi, u radu provedena kao kvalitativno fenomenografsko istraţivanje u kojemu su sudionici u obliku pojmovne mape trebali prikazati vlastiti primjer transmedija, uključujući najvažnije elemente i odnose među njima. Sudionici su također trebali sortirati karte s imenima stvarnih i fiktivnih osoba vezanih uz svijet Harryja Pottera. Cilj je bio steći uvid u način na koji sudionici kategoriziraju fikcionalne likove kao autore, s obzirom da se takva vrsta fiktivnog autorstva često primjenjuje kao strategija širenja transmedijskog narativa. Entiteti, atributi i odnosi modela FRBR-LRM korišteni su kao kategorije u analizi sadržaja pojmovnih mapa. Zaključeno je da se temeljna struktura modela, koja se sastoji od entiteta djelo, izraz, pojavni oblik i primjerak, podudara se s tipičnom strukturom transmedija. Najzastupljeniji elementi u pojmovnim mapama su oni vezani uz djelo, tj. priču (predmet, likovi, mjesto radnje itd.). Razmotrene su mogućnosti okupljanja i identifikacije transmedijske cjeline kao naddjela te mogućnosti bibliografskog modeliranja efemernih interaktivnih i/ili izvedbenih događaja poput igara uloga uživo, koji se često javljaju kao samostalne transmedijske cjeline ili dijelovi većih cjelina. Istražene su mogućnosti koje FRBRoo pruža za modeliranje nastanka transmedijskog narativa, s obzirom da s definicija transmedija često temelji na specifičnom procesu nastanka naspram srodnih praksi poput adaptacija ili aproprijacije sadržaja (fan fiction). Oba modela nude više načina modeliranja stvarateljske uloge fikcionalnih likova, ali u kontekstu teme ovog rada nijedan u potpunosti ne zadovoljava, budući da modeli kao predmet normativnog nadzora nad imenima ne izdvajaju bibliografski identitet (konceptualnu razinu), već entitete nomen (leksičku razinu) ili osobu (razinu stvarnog svijeta). Zaključno su razmotrene analogije između transmedija i mogućih smjerova razvoja bibliografske organizacije.
Keywordstransmedia FRBR-LRM FRBRoo conceptual data modelling bibliographic organization bibliographic relationships
Parallel title (English)Bibliographic modelling of transmedia resources
Committee MembersMarijana Tomić (committee chairperson)
Mirna Willer (committee member)
Maja Žumer (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Zadar
PlaceZadar
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineSOCIAL SCIENCES
Information and Communication Sciences
UDK02
GENERALLY
Librarianship
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelpostgraduate
Study programmeKnowledge Society and Information Transfer
Academic title abbreviationdr. sc.
Genredoctoral thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2017-02-09
Parallel abstract (English)
The thesis seeks to explore how bibliographic organization of transmedia resources can be improved within the framework provided by conceptual data models FRBR-LRM and FRBRoo. Transmedia is a set of techniques that use multiple media to create a single narrative. It can include well-known media such as (literary) texts, films, graphic novels etc., but also interactive objects, events and technologies. The key elements of bibliographic organization of transmedia consist in collocating parts that constitute a transmedia whole and explicating their relationships to the user. However, standards, formats, and workflows in library cataloguing often fail to support complex bibliographic structures typical of transmedia. The thesis therefore explores the possibilities offered by FRBR-LRM and FRBRoo to improve the organization and representation of transmedia resources in library catalogues and other discovery systems, while also evaluating the models from the perspective of transmedia consumers. In such a research, differences between the two models concerning their formal language, purpose, and level of abstraction have to be taken into account. FRBR-LRM is a high-level entity-relationship model that aims to represent the semantic structure of the bibliographic universe, whereas FRBRoo is the result of the harmonisation between FR-family of models (predecessors of FRBR-LRM) and the conceptual model for cultural heritage information CIDOC CRM. As a consequence, it inherits from CIDOC CRM both the object-oriented modelling language and the level of abstraction, as well as its focus on time aspect, i.e. processes and events. In the research, characteristics of transmedia resources that are relevant for bibliographic organization are identified and translated into the semantic framework of the models. The method used is conceptual data modelling, viewed within the interpretivist or subjectivist paradigm, which means that Universe of discourse (i.e. the domain to be modelled) is recognised as a construct shaped by expectations and experiences of observers. Consequently, the modelling process is seen not as a description of objective reality, but rather as a design of entities and relationships according to the users' specific needs and goals. The phase in the modelling process that aims to determine these needs and goals is known as requirements analysis. In the thesis the requirements analysis is conducted as a phenomenographic research, during which the participants were asked to choose an example of transmedia and represent it as a concet map, including the most important elements and their relationships. The participants were also tasked with sorting the names of real and fictitious persons associated with the Harry Potter world into categories. The goal of the sorting task was to find out how participants categorise fictional characters purported as authors, since this is a strategy often used as a way of expanding transmedia narratives. The participants' concept maps are analysed using FRBR-LRM entities, attributes and relationships as coding categories. The basic structure of the model, consisting of entities work, expression, manifestation, and item, is found to be analogous to a typical transmedia structure. Information about the work, i.e. story (subject, characters, setting, etc.) is found to be the most represented element in the maps. The possibilities of organizing and identifying a transmedia text as a superwork are discussed, as well as the possibilities of modelling time-based interactive activities such as live action role-playing that are often part of transmedia narratives. FRBRoo is found to be appropriate for modelling of creation processes associated with transmedia stories, which is important since the definition of transmedia is often based on its specific creation process opposed to the related practices such as adaptations or content appropriation (e.g. fan fiction). Both models provide more than one way to model fictional characters as creators, but in the context of the thesis' subject none of them is completely satisfying. The reason is that the models do not recognise conceptual entities as the central point of name authority control, focusing on lexical entities (nomen) and real-world entities (persons) instead. In the conclusion, analogies between transmedia practice and possible future directions in bibliographic organisation are considered.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)transmedij FRBR-LRM FRBRoo konceptualno modeliranje podataka bibliografska organizacija bibliografski odnosi
ExtentIV, 173 str., 30 cm
Versionaccepted version
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Noteaccepted version
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:112408
CommitterMarta Unković