undergraduate thesis
Habituation to horror content in conditions of virtual reality

Matea Perović (2016)
University of Zadar
Department of Psychology
Metadata
TitleHabituacija na horor sadržaje u uvjetima virtualne stvarnosti
AuthorMatea Perović
Mentor(s)Lozena Ivanov (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Istraživači se odavno pitaju što tako brojnu publiku privlači gledanju i uživanju u horor filmovima ako oni izazivaju negativne emocije poput straha i anksioznosti. Iako to područje nije sasvim istraženo, znanstvenici su došli do zaključaka kako su osobe koje uživaju u horor filmovima više na dimenziji traženja uzbuđenja te kako ih gledaju kako bi na kraju raspletom doživjele jake pozitivne emocije. Istraživanja su također pokazala kako je iskustvo straha intenzivnije kada se koristi virtualna stvarnost u odnosu na sami ekran računala stoga je ta nova tehnologija korištena i u ovom istraživanju. S obzirom na manjak radova u ovom polju, cilj ovog istraživanja bio je ispitati neke razlike u habituaciji na horor sadržaje između ljudi koji vole horore i ljudi koji ih ne vole. U istraživanju je sudjelovalo 56 studenata Sveučilišta u Zadru (31 koji vole horore i 25 koji ne vole horore). Ispitanici su na uređaju za virtualnu stvarnost tri puta prošli kroz istu horor simulaciju dok su bili priključeni na elektrokardiograf. Kao mjere habituacije uzeti su R-R interval, srčani varijabilitet operacionaliziran kao standardna devijacija R-R intervala i Thayerova skala za procjenu aktivacije AD/ACL. Utvrđen je dulji R-R interval kod obje grupe u trećem mjerenju u odnosu na prvo, što znači da je došlo do fiziološke habituacije. Kod standardne devijacije R-R intervala nije dobiven nikakav efekt. Kod ispitanika koji ne vole horore procjena aktivacije je značajno veća nakon prvog mjerenja u usporedbi s trećim mjerenjem, ali i u usporedbi s ispitanicima koji vole horore. Također je utvrđeno da kod ispitanika koji vole horore nema razlike u procjeni aktivacije u prvom i trećem mjerenju. Utvrđena je značajna pozitivna povezanost između standardne devijacije R-R intervala i procjene aktivacije u prvom mjerenju kod grupe ispitanika koji ne vole horore.
Keywordshorror content habituation to fear virtual reality R-R interval
Parallel title (English)Habituation to horror content in conditions of virtual reality
Committee MembersZvjezdan Penezić (committee chairperson)
Matilda Nikolić (committee member)
Lozena Ivanov (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Zadar
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Psychology
PlaceZadar
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineSOCIAL SCIENCES
Psychology
General Psychology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmePsychology
Academic title abbreviationuniv. bacc. psych.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-27
Parallel abstract (English)
The researches have been wondering for a long time what attracts such large audience to watch and enjoy the horror movies if they cause negative emotions such as fear and anxiety. Although this area is not completely researched, scientists have come to the conclusion that those who enjoy horror movies are higher on the dimension of sensation seeking, and that they watch them to experience strong positive emotions in the end. Studies have also shown that the experience of fear is more intense using virtual reality compared to the computer screen so this new technology is used even in this study. Due to the lack of paperwork in this field, the aim of this study was to investigate some differences in habituation to horror content between people who love horror movies and people who do not like them. The study included 56 participants (43 who love horror moviesand 13 who don't like horror movies). The participants went through the same horror simulation three times using virtual reality device while being attached to electrocardiograph. The R-R intervals, heart rate variability operationalised as standard deviation of R-R intervals, and Thayer's activation-deactivation adjective check list were used as a measure of habituation. Results show larger R-R intervals in both groups in the third measurement compared to the first, which is an evidence for physiological habituation. Standard deviation of R-R intervals showed no effects. Within participants that don't like horror movies, activation assessment is significantly greater after the first simulation in comparison with the third simulation, but also compared to subjects who love horror movies. It was also found that within participants who love horror movies there is no difference in activation assessment in the first and the third measurement. Correlation was found between standard deviation of R-R intervals and activation assessment during the first measurement within participants that don't like horror movies.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)horor sadržaji habituacija na strah virtualna stvarnost R-R interval
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:551388
CommitterGorica Lovrić