master's thesis
Eugene Ionesco and totalitarism

Marija Maričić (2016)
University of Zadar
Department of French and Iberoromance Studies
Metadata
TitleEugene Ionesco et le totalitarisme
AuthorMarija Maričić
Mentor(s)Patrick Levačić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
L'objectif de cette thèse est la critique de totalitarismes dans les oeuvres de Eugène Ionesco. Dans ses journaux intimes, Ionesco apporte ses confessions intimes de l’expérience de l’uniformisation pendant la montée du nazisme en France et en Roumanie. Face aux relations tendues entre les puissances impérialistes dans la période d'après-guerre, marquée par le renforcement de communisme dans l’Europe, Ionesco exprimait régulièrement sa sympathie pour les minorités défavorisées, émerveillé par les personnes qui ont osé exprimer leur désaccord avec les idéologies établies. En ce sens, Ionesco a soutenu l'idée du personnalisme, fondé par philosophe français Emmanuel Mounier, comme une philosophie qui va renverser la dialectique société-individu, en attirant l’attention sur la priorité de l'individu, un titulaire concret d’une culture, au détriment des entités sociales. Mais ce n’est que comme le dramaturge que Ionesco dévoile complétement son âme. Dans ses pièces, il représente métaphoriquement le monde angoissant d’objets, dirigé vers la connaissance et le progrès historique où l’amour et le rêve représentent un contrepoint à l'univers sombre et une forteresse de l'humanisme.
Keywordstotalitarisme communisme nazisme uniformisation anticonformisme dépersonnalisation individualisme humanisme petty bourgeoisie
Parallel title (English)Eugene Ionesco and totalitarism
Parallel title (Croatian)Eugène Ionesco i totalitarizam
Committee MembersMirna Sindičić Sabljo (committee member)
Barbara Vodanović (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Zadar
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of French and Iberoromance Studies
PlaceZadar
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineHUMANISTIC SCIENCES
Philology
Theory and History of Literature
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeFrench Language and Literature (double major); specialization in: Teaching
Study specializationTeaching
Academic title abbreviationmag. philol. educ. franc.
Genremaster's thesis
Language French
Defense date2016-01-27
Parallel abstract (English)
The objective of this thesis is the critique of totalitarianism in the works of Eugene Ionesco. In his diaries, Ionesco brings his intimate confessions of the experience of uniformisation during the rise of Nazism in France and Romania. During the tense relations between the imperial forces, in the post-war period, marked by the strengthening of communism in Europe, Ionesco consistently expressed sympathy for disadvantaged minorities, amazed by people who dared to disagree with the established ideologies. In this sense, Ionesco supported the idea of personalism founded by French philosopher Emmanuel Mounier, a philosophy that will reverse the dialectics society-individual, drawing attention to the priority of the individual, a particular holder of a culture, at the expense of social entity. But it is only as the playwriter that Ionesco reveals his soul completely. In his works, he metaphorically represents the anxious world of objects, directed to the knowledge and historical progress, where love and dreams represent a counterpoint to the dark world and a stronghold of humanism.
Parallel abstract (Croatian)
Cilj ovog rada je kritika totalitarizma u djelima Eugene Ionesco. U svojim dnevnicima, Ionesco donosi svoje intimne ispovijesti o iskustvu uniformizacije tijekom uspona nacizma u Francuskoj i Rumunjskoj. Ususret napetim odnosima između imperijalnih sila, obilježenim jačanjem komunizma u Europi nakon drugog svjetskog rata, Ionesco je dosljedno izražavao suosjećanje s ugroženim manjinskim skupinama, zadivljen osobama koje su se usudile javno izraziti neslaganje s nametnutim ideologijama. U tom smislu, Ionesco je podržao ideju personalizma koju je osmislio francuski filozof Emmanuel Mounier, filozofiju koja će preokrenuti dijalektiku društvo-pojedinac, ukazujući na prioritet pojedinca kao konkretnog nositelja kulture, na štetu društvenih entiteta. Ipak, kao dramski pisac Ionesco u potpunosti otkriva svoju dušu. U svojim djelima, on metaforički predstavlja tjeskobni svijet objekata, usmjeren prema znanju i povijesnom napretku, gdje ljubav i snovi predstavljaju kontrapunkt mračnom svijetu i uporište humanizmu.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)totalitarisme communisme nazisme uniformisation anticonformisme dépersonnalisation individualisme humanisme petite bourgeoisie totalitarizam komunizam nacizam uniformnost antikonformizam depersonalizacija individualizam humanizam malograđanstvo
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:629574
CommitterGorica Lovrić