master's thesis
The Formation of Feudalism in Western Europe

Štefan Štivičić (2016)
University of Zadar
Department of History
Metadata
TitleOblikavanje feudalizma u zapadnoj Europi
AuthorŠtefan Štivičić
Mentor(s)Mladen Ančić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Feudalizam treba promatrati kao društveno-gospodarski fenomen koji se oblikovao na ruševinama i prežitcima zapadnog dijela Rimskog Carstva. Taj se fenomen definitivno oblikovao počevši s vremenom ranih Merovinga, a feudalne institucije su se kristalizirale tijekom Karolinške države i carstva. Osnova tog prvotnog, odnosno izvornog feudalizma bio je feudo-vazalni odnos između seniora i vazala dopunjen feudom (precaria, feud, leno, beneficij) kao temeljnim sredstvom plaćanja ili kupovanja vazalske službe. U svojoj osnovi feudalizam se oblikovao uvjetovan društvenim neprilikama. Te neprilike činilo je stanje trajne nesigurnosti i nemogućnosti državne strukture da pruži zaštitu svojim ljudima. Zato se razvijao odnos u kojemu je oslabljeni, nesigurni i nezaštićeni slobodni čovjek (kmet, vazal) podvrgavao sebe kao osobu koja će služiti moćnijem čovjeku (senioru) koji je pak zauzvrat bio dužan štititi svog podložnika. Ovaj rad ne definira feudalizam, ali zato opisuje njegovo oblikovanje, predstavlja uvjete koji su mu prethodili i na koncu objašnjava procese u kojima se fenomen feudalizma oblikovao. S druge strane, rad proučava i pitanje, odnosno historiografski problem feudalnog društva. Sukob teza otvoren je dijelom Susan Reynolds naprotiv rada Marca Blocha. U odnosu ta dva rada i ideje o feudalnom društvu prikazane su teze i antiteze feudalnom društvu kao stvarnom društvenom konstruktu, ali u određenim okvirima koji se ne može uklopiti u okvir suvremenih zajednica.
Keywordsfeudalism feudal society feudao-vassal relationship feudal institutions vassalage
Parallel title (English)The Formation of Feudalism in Western Europe
Committee MembersSerđo Dokoza (committee chairperson)
Kristijan Juran (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Zadar
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of History
PlaceZadar
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineHUMANISTIC SCIENCES
History
Medieval Croatian and World History
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeHistory
Academic title abbreviationmag. hist.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-07-08
Parallel abstract (English)
Feudalism should be perceived as socio-economic phenomenon shaped on the remnants of the Western Roman Empire. Such process started with the early Merovingians, but feudal institutions crystallized during Carolingian state and empire. Basic foundation of the foremost, original feudalism was feudo-vassal relationship between the lord and the liege amended with fief (precaria, feud, feu, benefice) as a fundamental means of payment or purchase of vassalage. Basically, feudalism was shaped by social mishaps, such as the state of lasting insecurity and incapability of the state structure to provide protection for its people. For that reason, weakened, insecure and unprotected free men (vassals, lieges) subjected themselves to more powerful men (lords) who were supposed to protect them in return. This paper doesn’t define feudalism, but rather presents the conditions that preceded feudalism and in the end explains the processes that molded it. On the other hand, paper examines a historiographic problem of feudal society., and conflicting theses made by Susan Reynolds and Marc Bloch. In the relation to those two articles, this paper presents theses and antitheses of feudal society as a real social construction, but in a specific framework that can’t be incorporated in modern day society.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)feudalizam feudalno društvo feudo-vazalna veza feudalne institucije vazalitet
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:886078
CommitterGorica Lovrić