master's thesis
Job stress among nurses

Matea Ćorić (2017)
University of Zadar
Department of Psychology
Metadata
TitleProfesionalni stres kod medicinskih sestara
AuthorMatea Ćorić
Mentor(s)Marina Nekić (thesis advisor)
Andrea Tokić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Profesionalni stres predstavlja jednu od najozbiljnijih profesionalnih opasnosti u industrijaliziranim zemljama. Postoji jako velik broj definicija i modela profesionalnog stresa, ali kao polazište ovog istraživanja uzet je transakcijski pristup. Prema transakcijskom pristupu, stres je rezultat interakcije karakteristika zaposlenika i organizacije unutar koje egzistira, a subjektivna percepcija stresa i kapaciteti suočavanja imaju značajnu ulogu u procesu stresa. Istraživači unutar ovog područja slažu se oko toga da su pomagačka zanimanja najviše izložena profesionalnom stresu. S obzirom na to da su medicinske sestre najzastupljenija skupina unutar pomagačkih zanimanja, cilj ovog istraživanja bio je ispitati profesionalni stres kod medicinskih sestara, povezanost profesionalnog stresa s fizičkim i mentalnim zdravljem medicinskih sestara te ulogu koju suočavanje ima u procesu stresa. U istraživanju su sudjelovale 404 medicinske sestre s 27 različitih odjela. Od mjernih instrumenata korišteni su: Upitnik o stresorima na radnom mjestu bolničkih zdravstvenih djelatnika, Skala percipiranog stresa, Upitnik fizičkog i mentalnog zdravlja (SF-26), Skala fizičkog zdravlja (u sklopu Standardiziranog indeksa smjenskog rada, Upitnik suočavanja sa stresom (COPE-skraćena verzija) te Upitnik općih podataka koji je konstruiran za ovo istraživanje. Rezultati su pokazali da medicinske sestre koje rade u smjenama doživljavaju više stresa kad je riječ o organizaciji/financijama, opasnosti/štetnosti, procjeni stresa vezano za smjenski rad te ukupnom doživljaju stresa u odnosu na medicinske sestre koje imaju fiksno radno vrijeme. Također, imaju veću subjektivnu procjenu stresa na radnom mjestu. Nadalje, kad je riječ o stupnju obrazovanja, rezultati su pokazali da medicinske sestre nižeg stupnja obrazovanja doživljavaju više stresa na poslu u sljedećim aspektima: opasnosti/štetnosti, smjenski rad, zahtjevi posla te ukupni doživljaj stresa na poslu. Također, koriste strategiju suočavanja usmjerenu na izbjegavanje češće nego što to rade medicinske sestre višeg stupnja obrazovanja te imaju više probavnih i kardiovaskularnih teškoća, bolova u kostima i mišićima te slabiju procjenu općeg zdravlja. Nadalje, veće procjene stresa koje se odnose na organizaciju/financije, opasnosti/štetnosti, smjenski rad, zahtjeve posla te ukupnu procjenu doživljenog stresa značajno su povezane sa slabijim mentalnim zdravljem, probavnim i kardiovaskularnim smetanjama te bolovima u kostima i mišićima te slabijom procjenom općeg zdravlja. Veće procjene stresnosti vezane za sukobe/komunikaciju značajno su povezane sa slabijim mentalnim zdravljem i više kardiovaskularnih teškoća. Kad je riječ o strategijama suočavanja, suočavanje usmjereno na problem povezano je s boljim mentalnim zdravljem, manje kardiovaskularnih teškoća i bolova u kostima i mišićima te s boljom procjenom općeg zdravlja, a izbjegavanje je povezano sa slabijim mentalnim zdravljem, više probavnih i kardiovaskularnih teškoća te bolova u kostima i mišićima, kao i sa slabijom procjenom općeg zdravlja. Veća subjektivna procjena stresa povezana je sa slabijim mentalnim zdravljem, više probavnih i kardiovaskularnih teškoća te bolova u kostima i mišićima, kao i sa slabijom procjenom općeg zdravlja. Značajnim prediktorima mentalnog zdravlja pokazala se strategija suočavanja usmjerena na izbjegavanje te percipirani stres. Značajnim prediktorima probavnih teškoća pokazali su se: doživljeni stres vezan za opasnosti i štetnosti na poslu, izbjegavanje kao strategija suočavanja te percipirani stres. Značajnim prediktorima kardiovaskularnih teškoća pokazali su se strategija suočavanja usmjerena na izbjegavanje te percipirani stres. Značajnim prediktorima općeg zdravstvenog statusa pokazali su se: stres doživljen na aspektima kritike/tužbe, izbjegavanje te subjektivna percepcija stresa.
Keywordsjob stress nurses physical health mental health coping
Parallel title (English)Job stress among nurses
Committee MembersMatilda Nikolić (committee chairperson)
Nataša Šimić (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Zadar
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Psychology
PlaceZadar
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineSOCIAL SCIENCES
Psychology
Clinical and Health Psychology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmePsychology
Academic title abbreviationmag. psych.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2017-02-16
Parallel abstract (English)
Job stress is one of the most serious occupational hazards in the developed countries. It causes side effects for both, employees and the companies they work for. There is a very large number of definitions and models on job stress, with the transactional model being in the focus of the paper. According to this approach, stress is defined as the process in which numerous factors are involved such as: characteristics of the employees, their private life, jobs they perform and the characteristics of the organization in which they work. According to the transactional approach, stress is the result of the interaction of the characteristic of the employees and the organization within which it exists. Researchers within this area agree that the caregiving occupations are most exposed to the job stress. Taking into consideration that nurses are the largest group of the caregiving occupations, the aim of this study was to examine nurses job stress , the relationship between job stress and physical and mental health of nurses and the role that coping has in the process of stress. The total number of 404 nurses, from 27 different were included into the research. Measuring instruments used in the research were as follows: Questionnaire on the stressors in the workplace of hospital health care professionals, The scale of the perceived stress, Physical and mental health questionnaire (SF- 36), The scale of physical health (as part of the Standardized index of shift work), Questionnaire of coping with stress (COPE-short version) and the Questionnaire of the general data which is composed for the purpose of this research. The results showed that nurses who work in shifts are experiencing more stress when it commes to: organization/finance, dangers/hazards, evaluation of stress according to shiftwork and general experience of stress in comparison with nurses who have fixed working hours. Also they have greater subjective perception of stress in the workplace. Furtheremore, when it commes to the level of education, the results showed that low-level nurses education, experience more stress at work in the following aspects: dangers/hazards, shiftwork, work demands and the overall experience of stress at work. Also, they tend to use an avoiding strategies in coping with stress more that the ones with the higher level of education, have more gastrointestinal and cardiovascular difficulties, pain in the bones and muscles and lower general health assessments. Furthermore, the higher assessments of stress related to organization/finance, dangers/hazards, shiftwork, job demands and assessment of overall experienced stress were significantly associated with weaker mental health, more gastrointestinal and cardiovascular difficulties, pain in bones and muscles and weaker assessments of general health. Higher stress assessments related to the conflicts/communications were significantly associated with weaker mental health and more cardiovascular difficulties. When it comes to coping strategies, problem focused coping is associated with better mental health, less cardiovascular difficulties and pains in the bones and muscles and a higher assessment of general health. Avoidance is associated with weaker mental health, more gastrointestinal and cardiovascular difficulties and pains in the bones and muscles, as well as with a weaker assessment of general health. Higher subjective perception of stress is associated with weaker mental health, more gastrointestinal and cardiovascular difficulties and pains in the bones and muscles, as well as with a weaker assessment of general health. Significant predictors of mental health have shown to be coping strategy focused on avoiding and subjective perception of stress. Significant predictors of gastrointestinal difficulties have shown to be: experienced stress related to dangers and hazards at work, avoidance and subjective perception of stress. Significant predictors of cardiovascular difficulties have shown to be avoidance and subjective perception of stress. Significant predictors of pains in the bones and muscles have shown to be: experienced stress related to conflicts and communication, shiftwork, problem focused coping, avoidance and subjective perception of stress. Significant predictors of general health have shown to be: experienced stress related to critisc and accusations, avoidance and subjective perception of stress.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)profesionalni stres medicinske sestre fizičko zdravlje mentalno zdravlje suočavanje
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:039978
CommitterGorica Lovrić