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undergraduate thesis
Prevalence of risk factors in patients with acute myocardial infarction in 2015. year in General hospital Zadar

Katarina Tokić (2016)
University of Zadar
Department of Health Studies
Metadata
TitlePrevalencija rizičnih faktora kod bolesnika oboljelih od akutnog infarkta miokarda u Općoj bolnici Zadar u 2015. godini
AuthorKatarina Tokić
Mentor(s)Ivo Klarin (thesis advisor)
Kristina Bačkov (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Cilj istraživanja bio je utvrditi prevalenciju rizičnih faktora kod bolesnika oboljelih od akutnog infarkta miokarda hospitaliziranih na Odjelu za koronarnu i postkoronarnu skrb, Službe za interne bolesti Opće bolnice Zadar u periodu od 1.1.2015. do 31.12.2015. godine kao i prikazati ulogu medicinske sestre u zbrinjavanju bolesnika oboljelih od AIM-a, te u prevenciji rizičnih faktora. USTROJ STUDIJE: Retrospektivna stručna istraživačka studija. U istraživanje su uključeni bolesnici oboljeli od AIM, koronarnografirani u kateterizacijskom laboratoriju Odjela za kardiologiju, a hospitalizirani na Odjelu za koronarnu i postkoronarnu skrb Službe za interne bolesti u periodu od 01.01.2015. do 31.12.2015 godine. Istraživanjem je obuhvaćeno 206 bolesnika, od kojih 149 muškaraca i 57 žena. Pojavnost AIM najčešća je između 57. i 67. godine života. Muški spol češće oboljeva od AIM nego ženski. Pretilost kao rizični faktor ima 71,36% bolesnika. Od arterijske hipertenzije boluje 60,68%, a od diabetesa mellitusa 19,42% bolesnika. Pušenje kao faktor rizika ima 40,29% bolesnika, dok je kronično zatajenje bubrega ima samo 3,4% bolesnika. Najučestaliji rizični faktor je pretilost, a slijedi ju arterijska hipertenzija. Dok je najmanje učestao rizični faktor kronično zatajenje bubrega. Brojna istraživanja ukazuju na pozitivne učinke u smanjenju morbiditeta i mortaliteta od KVB i smanjenju utjecaja faktora rizika kod programa i intervencija koji su vođeni od strane medicinske sestre. Medicinska sestra bitno utječe na motivaciju bolesnika na promjenu štetnih životnih navika putem primjerene edukacije, što u konačnici rezultira smanjenjem mortaliteta i morbiditeta od kardiovaskularnih bolesti.
Keywordsacute myocardial infarction risk factors the role of nurse
Parallel title (English)Prevalence of risk factors in patients with acute myocardial infarction in 2015. year in General hospital Zadar
Committee MembersKristina Bačkov (committee chairperson)
Ivo Klarin (committee member)
Ines Leto (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Zadar
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Health Studies
PlaceZadar
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Clinical Medical Sciences
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeNursing
Academic title abbreviationuniv. bacc. med. techn.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-28
Parallel abstract (English)
Objectives were to determine the exitence of risk factor for the development of acute myocardial infarction in patients treated at the Department of coronary and postcoronary care in General hospital Zadar for a period from 01.01.2015. to 31.12.2015. and to show the role of a nurse in the care of patients with AMI, so as role in the prevention of risk factors.STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. The subjects were patients at the Department of coronary and postcoronary care in General hospital Zadar who were treated in the period from 01.01.2015. to 31.12.2015. Data was collected from hospital IT department. The study included 206 participants, 149 men and 57 women. The incidence od AIM is most common between 57 and 67 years of age. Male often ill on AMI than female. Obesity as a risk factor occours in 71,36% of patients. 60,68% patients suffer from hypertension and 19,42% of diabetes mellitus. 40,29% patients smoke, whereas chronic renal failure have only 3,4% of patients. The most common risk factor was obesity and it is followed by arterial hypertension, while the least common risk factor is chronic renal failure. Numerous studies indicate positive effects of intervetions that are guided by nurses, in reducing morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease and minimize the impact of risk factors. Nurse significantly affects the motivation of patients to change harmful habits through appropriate education, what ultimately results in reduced morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)akutni infarkt miokarda rizični faktori uloga medicinske sestre
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of useAll rights reserved
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:523270
CommitterMarta Unković