master's thesis
The Impact of the Organized Coach Tours on the Pollution in the Republic of Croatia

Željka Mesar (2016)
University of Zadar
Department of Tourism and Communication Sciences
Metadata
TitleUtjecaj organiziranog autobusnog prijevoza u turizmu na onečišćenje okoliša na području Republike Hrvatske
AuthorŽeljka Mesar
Mentor(s)Jurica Šimurina (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Tema diplomskog rada je „Utjecaj organiziranog autobusnog prijevoza na onečišćenje okoliša na području Republike Hrvatske“. Rad je temeljen na analizi sekundarnih podataka i izvora i na podacima prikupljenim primarnim istraživanjem. Onečišćenje okoliša definira se kao promjena stanja okoliša zbog nedopuštene emisije štetnih plinova ili zbog nekog drugog djelovanja koje bi moglo promijeniti kvalitetu okoliša. U tekstu se upućuje na probleme onečišćenja okoliša koji nastaje emisijama štetnih plinova iz motora autobusa. Također, upućuje se i na potrebu istraživanja u koje bi se mogli uključiti svi sudionici lokalne zajednice i turisti. Prvo je istraživanje provedeno 2002., u kojem je zaključeno da autobusi u turizmu ne zadovoljavaju ekološke standarde i da u razdobljima povećane potražnje autobusi ne zadovoljavaju turističke potrebe. Rezultati rada pokazuju da u Hrvatskoj prevladava još uvijek velik broj autobusa koji imaju zastarjelu tehnologiju. Također, dokumenti koje donosi zakonodavac sadržavaju implementaciju novih tehnologija i razvoja turizma prema načelima održivog razvoja. Zakonodavac regulira negativne efekte onečišćenja propisanom posebnom naknadom za onečišćenje i subvencijom za kupovinu novih vozila s čistom tehnologijom. U Hrvatskoj postoje preduvjeti za razvoj održivog turizma koji uključuje i novi trend koji se afirmira u Europskoj uniji a to je razvoj autobusnog turizma kao i uvođenje ekoloških zona u turističke destinacije. I na području Hrvatske bilježi se porast broja kružnih putovanja u organizaciji domaćih ili stranih turističkih agencija i organizatora putovanja. Međutim, unatoč brojnim zakonima, uredbama i strategijama o održivom turizmu, prometu ili razvoju društva u cjelini isti se ne provode u dovoljnoj mjeri u praksi. Ključni je problem još uvijek nedovoljno razvijena ideja i svijest o potrebi zaštite okoliša kao i nedovoljni izvori financiranja autobusnih prijevoznika za modernizaciju voznog parka.
Keywordspollution environment negative externality sustainable development sustainable tourism seasonality low emission zones transport organized coach tours euro standards of vehicles legislation subventions pollution charge the Republic of Croatia travel agencies bus operators tourists
Parallel title (English)The Impact of the Organized Coach Tours on the Pollution in the Republic of Croatia
Committee MembersBožena Krce Miočić (committee chairperson)
Anđelko Vrsaljko (committee member)
Jurica Šimurina (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Zadar
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Tourism and Communication Sciences
PlaceZadar
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineSOCIAL SCIENCES
Economics
General Economy
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeCultural Heritage and Tourism
Academic title abbreviationmag. turism. cult.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-12-01
Parallel abstract (English)
The subject of the thesis in this paper is "The Impact of the Organized Coach Tours on the Pollution in the Republic of Croatia." The pollution is defined as a change in the environment caused by the gas emissions from mobile sources into the environment or by some other impacts that are causing the changes of the environment. The thesis is written on the basis and analysis of the secondary research in which the papers and documents are included. Also, the second part of the thesis is the primary research conducted by the author. The first research in this field was carried out in 2002. The aim of the thesis is to analyse the problems of the air pollution caused by the gas emissions from the coaches and buses. Additionally, this paper is inspecting the possible solutions that could be conducted by government or individuals in the tourism and transport sector. The organized coach tours are the most growing trend in tourism industry which is based on the use of the ecologically equipped vehicles that are the dominant factor regarding the coach tours. This trend is developing in Croatia as well. The results of the research conducted in the thesis show the number of coaches that do not fulfill the technical and environmental requirements. The reasons are diverse and are co-related with the financial resources of the bus operators and the decreasing level of the environmental awareness. Despite the implementation of programs related to the sustainable development such as the subvention for buying new green vehicles there are problems that occur in communication between the policy and consumers. These problems are related to the information access and to the inefficency of the processing of legislative norms proscribed by government or NGO's. In conclusion, it is required to increase the environmental awarness by different campaigns in the tourism and the transport sector as well.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)onečišćenje okoliš negativne eksternalije održivi razvoj turizam promet organizirani autobusni prijevoz euro standardi motora zakoni subvencije ekološke zone Republika Hrvatska turističke agencije organizatori putovanja turist
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:070320
CommitterGorica Lovrić