undergraduate thesis
Testing of autobiographical memory in people suffering from war post-traumatic stress disorder

Lucija Alvir (2016)
Sveučilište u Zadru
Odjel za psihologiju
Metadata
TitleIspitivanje autobiografskog pamćenja kod osoba oboljelih od ratnog posttraumatskog stresnog poremećaja
AuthorLucija Alvir
Mentor(s)Lozena Ivanov (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Posttraumatski stresni poremećaj (PTSP) psihijatrijski je poremećaj kojeg karakterizira nametljivo sjećanje na središnji nasilni događaj (Goleman, 2003). Među dosad relativno neistraženim posljedicama PSTP-a spada i svojevrstan fenomen pretjeranog dosjećanja općih autobiografskih događaja (OAD) ili engleski overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM). Ispitivanje autobiografskog pamćenja relativno je nova pojava, no, unatoč tome, konzistentni rezultati dosadašnjih ispitivanja na ovom području upućuju na negativnu povezanost specifičnosti autobiografskog pamćenja i posttraumatskog stresnog poremećaja (PTSP-a). Budući da sličnih istraţivanja autobiografskog pamćenja u RH još nije bilo, cilj ovog istraţivanja bio je ispitati autobiografsko pamćenje kod osoba oboljelih od ratnog PTSP-a. U istraţivanju je sudjelovalo ukupno 60 osoba, odnosno 30 zdravih pojedinaca te 30 pojedinaca oboljelih od PTSP-a. Rezultati dobiveni ovim istraţivanjem potvrdili su dosadašnja istraţivanja o fenomenu pretjeranog dosjećanja općih autobiografskih događaja, tj. ispitanici oboljeli od PTSP-a pokazali su značajnu reduciranost specifičnosti autobiografskog pamćenja za razliku od zdravih ispitanika. Osim navedenog fenomena, nastojalo se utvrditi postoji li razlika u dosjećanju općih i specifičnih autobiografskih događaja kod osoba oboljelih od PTSP-a u odnosu na osobe bez PTSP-a s obzirom na konotativno značenje riječi. Unatoč pretpostavci da će negativne riječi dovesti do dosjećanja negativnih autobiografskih događaja i samim time do negativnog raspoloženja što bi u konačnici rezultiralo pojavom OAD-a za razliku od pozitivnih riječi gdje ne bi trebalo doći do OAD-a, ta razlika nije dobivena ni kod dosjećanja općih ni specifičnih autobiografskih događaja. Konotativno značenje riječi u ovom slučaju nema nikakvog učinka na OAD kod osoba oboljelih od PTSP-a u odnosu na osobe bez PTSP-a.
Keywordspost-traumatic stress disorder autobiographical memory the phenomenon of overgeneral autobiographical memory
Parallel title (English)Testing of autobiographical memory in people suffering from war post-traumatic stress disorder
Committee MembersAna Šimunić (committee chairperson)
Lozena Ivanov (committee member)
Zvjezdan Penezić (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Zadru
Lower level organizational unitsOdjel za psihologiju
PlaceZadar
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineSOCIAL SCIENCES
Psychology
General Psychology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmePsychology
Academic title abbreviationuniv. bacc. psych.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-27
Parallel abstract (English)
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by intrusive memories of the central violent event (Goleman, 2003). Among the relatively unexplored consequences of PSTD is also a phenomenon called overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM). Testing of autobiographical memory is a relatively new phenomenon, but, nevertheless, consistent results of previous studies in this area indicate a negative correlation between specificity of autobiographical memory and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Because there have not been similar studies of autobiographical memory in Croatia, the aim of this study was to investigate the autobiographical memory in people suffering from war PTSD in Croatia. The study included 60 people of which 30 were healthy subjects and 30 were patients suffering from PTSD. Results which were obtained in this study confirmed previous researches of the phenomenon of overgeneral autobiographical memory. In other words, subjects suffering from PTSD showed significant reduction in the specificity of autobiographical memory in contrast to the healthy subjects. In addition to this phenomenon, we tried to determine whether there is a difference recall of the general and specific autobiographical memory in people with PTSD compared to those without PTSD due to the connotative meaning of the word. Despite the assumption that negative words lead to the recall of negative autobiographical events and thus to a negative mood which would ultimately result in the emergence of the OGM versus positive words which would not result in the emergence to the OGM, this difference was not obtained at the general recall, nor specific autobiographical memory. The connotative meaning of the word in this case has no effect on OGM in people with PTSD compared to people without PTSD.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)posttraumatski stresni poremećaj autobiografsko pamćenje fenomen pretjeranog dosjećanja općih autobiografskih događaja (OAD)
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:672699
CommitterGorica Lovrić