undergraduate thesis
The relationship between conservativeness, need for cognitive closure and preferences to surreal art

Anastazija Galac (2016)
Sveučilište u Zadru
Odjel za psihologiju
Metadata
TitleOdnos konzervatizma, potrebe za kognitivnom zatvorenošću i sklonosti nadrealističkim umjetničkim djelima
AuthorAnastazija Galac
Mentor(s)Ana Šimunić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je utvrditi odnos između potrebe za kognitivnom zatvorenošću, tolerancije na dvosmislenost, preferencije nadrealističke umjetnosti i konzervatizma. U tu svrhu upitničkim mjerama samoprocjene ispitano je 89 učenika trećih i četvrtih razreda Gimnazije Vladimira Nazora u Zadru. Upitnik se sastojao od Skale tolerancije na dvosmislenost, Ljestvice ključnih društvenih pitanja, Skraćene ljestvice potrebe za kognitivnom zatvorenošću te 10 umjetničkih djela kojima je trebalo ocijeniti privlačnost, (5 nadrealističkih i 5 figuralnih slikarskih umjetničkih djela). Visoka potreba za kognitivnom zatvorenošću odnosi se na potrebu za brzim donošenjem zaključaka o situaciji, a tolerancija na dvosmislenost na uživanje u novim, nepoznatim i kompleksnim i situacijama. Konzervatizam je u ovom istraživanju definiran kao zbroj aritmetičkih sredina rezultata na podljestvicama Ljestvice ključnih društvenih pitanja: etnocentrizma, religioznosti, ograničavanja seksualnih sloboda i tradicionalizma. Utvrđeno je da postoji negativna povezanost tolerancije na dvosmislenost i potrebe za kognitivnom zatvorenošću. Osobe više potrebe za kognitivnom zatvorenošću sklonije su konzervativnim stavovima, osobito etnocentrizmu, religioznim stavovima i ograničavanju seksualnih sloboda. Osim toga, osobe više potrebe za kognitivnom zatvorenošću i konzervativnije osobe ocjenjuju nadrealistička umjetnička djela nižim ocjenama nego osobe niže potrebe za kognitivnom zatvorenošću i liberalnijih stavova. Ovakvi rezultati bi se mogli pripisati većoj podložnosti nadrealističkih umjetničkih djela interpretaciji promatrača te ne predstavljaju izravnu sliku okoline, a iznenađujući, kompleksni ili nelogični elementi na slici ne omogućavaju jednoznačnu interpretaciju djela. Tolerancija na dvosmislenost nije povezana s konzervatizmom, osim s podljestvicom etnocentrizma, niti s ocjenama privlačnosti nadrealističkih slika.
Keywordstolerance for ambiguity need for closure conservatism surrealism
Parallel title (English)The relationship between conservativeness, need for cognitive closure and preferences to surreal art
Committee MembersMarina Vidaković (committee chairperson)
Ana Šimunić (committee member)
Lozena Ivanov (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Zadru
Lower level organizational unitsOdjel za psihologiju
PlaceZadar
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineSOCIAL SCIENCES
Psychology
General Psychology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmePsychology
Academic title abbreviationuniv. bacc. psych.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-27
Parallel abstract (English)
High need for cognitive closure is the need for rapid conclusions in new situations, while tolerance for ambiguity means finding pleasure in new, unfamiliar and complex situations. Conservativeness is defined as the sum of the subscales on the Key Social Issues Scale: ethnocentrism, religiosity, sexual freedom, and traditionalism. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between conservativeness, tolerance for ambiguity, need for cognitive closure and preferences to surreal art. For this purpose, a questionnaire was given to 89 students of third and fourth grade of Vladimir Nazor High School school in Zadar. The questionnaire consisted of Tolerance for Ambiguity Scale, Key Social Issues Scale, Shortened Scale of Need for Cognitive Closure and 10 paintings which were given to participants to rate them according to their attractiveness (5 of them were surreal and 5 were figural art). A negative correlation between tolerance for ambiguity and the need for cognitive closure was found. Also, it was found that people with high need for cognitive closure are more prone to conservative attitudes, especially ethnocentrism, religious attitudes, and limitation of sexual freedom. In addition, people with high need for cognitive closure and conservative people judged surreal paintings as less attractive than people with low need for cognitive closure and more liberal attitudes did. It is assumed that this is because of the possibility of than one interpretation of surreal artwork, they do not represent direct image of the surrounding, their complex and illogical elements do not allow unambiguous interpretation. Tolerance for ambiguity was not associated with conservativeness, except for the subscale of ethnocentrism.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)tolerancija na dvosmislenost potreba za kognitivnom zatvorenošću konzervatizam nadrealizam
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:606477
CommitterGorica Lovrić