master's thesis
Relationship between pet attachment and anthropomorphism of owner with perception of social support and depressiveness

Antonija Kalinić (2016)
University of Zadar
Department of Psychology
Metadata
TitleOdnos privrženosti psu i antropomorfizma vlasnika s percepcijom socijalne podrške i depresivnošću
AuthorAntonija Kalinić
Mentor(s)Vera Ćubela-Adorić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Dosadašnja istraživanja su pokazala da vlasnici sa svojim kućnim ljubimcima formiraju poseban odnos koji je karakteriziran snažnom privrženošću i antropomorfizmom, to jest sklonošću pridavanja ljudskih karakteristika psima. Također, utvrđeno je da vlasnici često percipiraju kućne ljubimce kao izvore podrške koji ponekad mogu kompenzirati manjak podrške koju primaju od drugih, a shodno tome istraživanja su pokazala da odnos s ljubimcem ima pozitivne implikacije na vlasnika i njegovu dobrobit. U skladu s tim, osnovni cilj ovog istraživanja bio je ispitati odnos između stupnja privrženosti psu i antropomorfizma s percipiranom socijalnom podrškom i depresivnošću. Također, ispitivao se odnos nekih općih karakteristika vlasnika s privrženošću i antropomorfizmom, kao i odnos privrženosti i antropomorfizma. U istraživanju je sudjelovalo 390 vlasnika pasa (8.21% muškaraca i 91.79% žena) u dobi od 18 do 69 godina. S ciljem odgovora na postavljene probleme, primijenjena su četiri mjerna instrumenta: Adaptirana Lexington skala privrženosti kućnim ljubimcima, Skala antropomorfizma, Multidimenzionalna skala percipirane socijalne podrške te Subskala depresivnosti iz Skale depresivnosti, anksioznosti i stresa. Rezultati dobiveni na ovom uzorku su pokazali da su stariji vlasnici manje privrženi psima te u svom ponašanju pokazuju manje znakova antropomorfizma. Nadalje, vlasnici koji kraće posjeduju psa su manje privrženi i u manjoj mjeri smatraju da ih psi razumiju. Također, vlasnici sa završenom osnovnom i srednjom školom te oni koji nemaju djecu su privrženiji psima te u svom ponašanju pokazuju više znakova antropomorfizma. Nadalje, dobivena je značajna i pozitivna veza privrženosti te antropomorfizma i njegovih komponenti, kao i privrženosti, doživljaja razumijevanja i ukupnog antropomorfizma s percipiranom socijalnom podrškom. Nije dobivena značajna veza privrženosti i antropomorfizma s depresivnošću, ali je dijelom potvrđena moderatorska uloga percipirane socijalne podrške u tom odnosu.
Keywordspet attachment anthropomorphism social support depressiveness
Parallel title (English)Relationship between pet attachment and anthropomorphism of owner with perception of social support and depressiveness
Committee MembersLjiljana Gregov (committee chairperson)
Vera Ćubela-Adorić (committee member)
Jelena Ombla (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Zadar
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Psychology
PlaceZadar
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineSOCIAL SCIENCES
Psychology
Social Psychology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmePsychology
Academic title abbreviationmag. psych.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-10-27
Parallel abstract (English)
Past research has shown that owners form a special relationship with their pets. That relationship is characterised by a strong attachment and anthropomorphism, i.e. by a tendency towards attributing human characteristics to dogs. Moreover, it has been confirmed that owners often perceive their pets as a source of support that can sometimes compensate for the lack of support that they receive from others and in accordance with that, research has shown that the relationship with a pet has positive implications for owners and their well-being. In accordance with that, the main goal of this research was to examine the relation of the degree of attachment to the dog and the degree of anthropomorphism to the perceived social support and depressiveness. The goal was also to examine the relation of some of the general characteristics of owners to attachment and anthropomorphism, as well as the relation of attachment and anthropomorphism. Research was conducted on a sample of 390 dog owners (8.21% were male participants and 91.79% were female participants) from the age of 18 to 69. In order to provide an answer to the identified problems, four scales were applied: the Adapted Lexington attachment to pets scale, the Anthropomorphism scale, the Multidimensional scale of perceived social support and the Depression subscale from the Depression, anxiety and stress scale. The results obtained from this sample have shown that older owners are less attached to dogs and that they exhibit less signs of anthropomorphism in their behaviour. Furthermore, the owners that have had their dog for a shorter period of time are less attached and the belief that their dogs can understand them is not that strong. Owners who have finished their primary school and high school and those who do not have children are more attached to dogs and they exhibit more signs of anthropomorphism in their behaviour. Furthermore, the results have shown a significant positive relation of attachment and anthropomorphism and its components, as well as of attachment, the perception of understanding and the overall anthropomorphism to the perceived social support. The results have not shown a significant relation of attachment and anthropomorphism to depression, but a moderating role of the perceived social support has been partly confirmed in that relation.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)privrženost kućnim ljubimcima antropomorfizam socijalna podrška depresivnost
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:746987
CommitterGorica Lovrić