master's thesis
The social ontology of Jean-Paul Sartre as concretized phenomenology

Boris Ležaja (2016)
Sveučilište u Zadru
Odjel za filozofiju
Metadata
TitleSocijalna ontologija Jean-Paula Sartrea kao konkretizirana fenomenologija
AuthorBoris Ležaja
Mentor(s)Marko Vučetić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Ovaj rad pruža uvid u socijalnu ontologiju Jean-Paula Sartrea koja slovi kao jedan od esencijalnih i najautentičnijih aspekata njegove filozofije. Pored fenomenološko-ontološke analize konkretnih međuljudskih odnosa iz njegovog kapitalnog djela Bitak i Ništo se u središtu rada također nalazi razrada ideja i pojmova koji su ključni za njegovu socijalnu ontologiju kao i njegovu filozofiju općenito. Rad prikazuje kako je Sartre u ranijim radovima, kao što su esej Transcendencija ega i njegov prvi obuhvatniji rad Imaginarno, krenuo u filozofsko osamostaljenje kritizirajući neke od temeljnih premisa kasne fenomenologije Edmunda Husserla. Njegovu transcendentalnu fenomenologiju Sartre odbija u korist jedne konkretizirane fenomenologije koja će služiti ontologiji kao njezina metoda. Paralele sa filozofijom Martina Heideggera su pri tome kristalno jasne, ali se rad ne fokusira na poklapanja između Sartrea i Heideggera, nego na područje socijalne ontologije gdje se njihove misli u potpunosti razlikuju, a isto vrijedi i za odnos Sartreove misli spram Merleau-Pontyjevoj. Stoga rad prikazuje Sartreovu ontologiju konflikta u usporedbi sa Heideggerovim konceptom su-bitka i pojmom reverzibilnosti tijela Merleau-Pontyja. Ističe se Sartreova fokusiranost na analizu konkretnih situacija i međuljudskih odnosa, kao i razlika u odnosu na apstraktnije analize ljudske socijalnosti koje poduzimaju Heidegger i Merleau-Ponty. Iscrpni i detaljni prikaz Sartreove poznate analize pogleda praćen je i drugim socijalno-emocionalnim fenomenima kao što su stid, sadizam, mazohizam, ljubav, mržnja, smrt i tjeskoba, koji su također ilustrirani u radu. Kao hermeneutički ključ za razumijevanje tih emocija i konkretnih međuljudskih odnosa služe detaljne uvodne razrade koncepcije svijesti, ega i imaginacije.
Keywordsphenomenology social ontology imagination shame look bad faith (mauvaise foi) death anguish conflict prereflective perception ego
Parallel title (English)The social ontology of Jean-Paul Sartre as concretized phenomenology
Committee MembersSlavko Brkić (committee chairperson)
Ante Periša (committee member)
Marko Vučetić (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Zadru
Lower level organizational unitsOdjel za filozofiju
PlaceZadar
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineHUMANISTIC SCIENCES
Philosophy
History of Philosophy
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmePhilosophy (double major); specializations in: Teaching
Study specializationTeaching
Academic title abbreviationmag. educ. phil.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-07-13
Parallel abstract (English)
This thesis gives insight into the social ontology of Jean-Paul Sartre which counts as one of the essential and most authentic aspects of his philosophy. Aside from the phenomenologicalontological analysis of concrete human relationships of which his capital work Being and Nothingness is known, the thesis is also focused on elaborating key terms and ideas which are necessary for understanding his social ontology as well as his philosophy in general. Referring to his early essay The Transcendence o the Ego and his first comprehensive work The Imaginary, the thesis shows how Sartre started with his philosophical independence by criticizing some of the fundamental premises in the late phenomenology of Edmund Husserl. Sartre refuses his transcendental phenomenology in favour of a concretised phenomenology which will serve ontology as its method. Clearly, there are parallels with the philosophy of Martin Heidegger, but the work does not focus on the overlap between Sartre and Heidegger. The thesis is more focused on the area of social ontology where their thoughts are completely different. The same goes for the relationship between the philosophy of Sartre and Merleau- Ponty. Therefore, the work shows Sartre's ontology of conflict compared with Heidegger's concept of Mitsein and Merleau-Ponty's concept of embodied reversibility. The work points out Sartre's focus on the analysis of concrete situations and human relationships, as well as the differences compared to the more abstract analysis of human sociality taken by Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty. A comprehensive and detailed display of Sartre's famous analysis of the look is followed by other social-emotional phenomena such as shame, sadism, masochism, love, hate, death and anguish, which are also illustrated in the work. Detailed introductory elaborations of some key concepts as the concept of consciousness, ego and imagination serve as the hermeneutical key to an understanding of these emotions and concrete human relationships.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)fenomenologija socijalna ontologija imaginacija stid pogled neiskrenost smrt tjeskoba konflikt pred-refleksivno percepcija ego
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:992346
CommitterGorica Lovrić