undergraduate thesis
The sarcophagus from Split depicting Israelites crossing the Red Sea

Karla Kristić (2016)
Sveučilište u Zadru
Odjel za arheologiju
Metadata
TitleSarkofag s prikazom motiva prelaska Izraelaca preko Crvenog mora iz Splita
AuthorKarla Kristić
Mentor(s)Josipa Baraka Perica (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Na području današnjih gradova Solina i Vranjica, koji su pripadali rimskoj provinciji Dalmaciji, pronađeno je najviše ostataka rimskodobnih sarkofaga, bilo cijelih komada, bilo fragmenata. O ovim je nalazima najviše pisao akademik Nenad Cambi čiji su radovi i korišteni kao nit vodilja pri pisanju ovog rada. Kako je tema ovog rada sarkofag s prikazom motiva prelaska Izraelaca preko Crvenog mora iz Splita, bilo je potrebno pronaći informacije o samom tom motivu i o sarkofazima koji su izrađivani u radionicama grada Rima. Sarkofag s prikazom motiva prelaska Izraelaca preko Crvenog mora iz Splita je najkasnije datirani primjerak sarkofaga gradskorimske produkcije koji je importiran na područje rimske provincije Dalmacije. Do 1902. godine, kada ga je otkupio Arheološki muzej u Splitu, nalazio se u splitskom samostanu sv. Frane. Motiv koji je na njemu prikazan čest je na sarkofazima koji su izrađivani za vrijeme vladavine cara Teodozija. Splitski je primjerak izrađen u periodu između posvete Konstantinovog slavoluka 315. godine i 410. godine kada su Vizigoti opljačkali Rim. Nakon 410. godine prestala je produkcija u kamenoklesarskim radionicama toga grada. Na to da je ovo teodozijski ili poslijeteodozijski tip sarkofaga ukazuju stilske karakteristike poput izduženih izreza očnih šupljina, uokvirenih očnih izreza likova i izbušenih zjenica. Preciznije se datira prema tipu frizure koju nosi Miriam, zato što se varijante takve frizure javljaju tijekom postkonstantinovskog doba, a polako nestaju tokom perioda u kojem je vladao car Teodozije. Uzevši u obzir sve navedene činjenice, Nenad Cambi i Guntram Koch zaključili su kako je izrađen oko 390. godine. Sam motiv prelaska Izraelaca preko Crvenog mora prikazan je s prednje strane sanduka sarkofaga. Lijeva bočna strana ukrašena je motivom ribljih ljuskica (squammae), a desnu bočnu stranu krasi scena štovanja križa. Na stražnjoj strani sanduka prikazana je orantica s čije se desne i lijeve strane nalaze mladi apostoli. Poklopac ovog sarkofaga, na žalost, nije pronađen.
KeywordsRoman province of Dalmatia Salona NenadCambi imported sarcophagi the motif of Israelites crossing the Red Sea monastery of St. Francis in Split Archaeological Museum in Split type of sarcophagi that were made during or after the reign of Emperor Theodosius fishbone motif (squammae) the scene of adoring the holy cross
Parallel title (English)The sarcophagus from Split depicting Israelites crossing the Red Sea
Committee MembersAnte Uglešić (committee chairperson)
Dražen Maršić (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Zadru
Lower level organizational unitsOdjel za arheologiju
PlaceZadar
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineHUMANISTIC SCIENCES
Archeology
Ancient Archeology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeArchaeology
Academic title abbreviationuniv. bacc. archeol.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-07-08
Parallel abstract (English)
If we look at the territory that once belonged to roman province of Dalmatia, most remains of Roman sarcophagi, either found in one piece or in fragments, were discovered on territory where now stand modern towns of Solin and Vranjic. These findings were mainly studied by Nenad Cambi, F.C.A. whose research papers were main guide material used for writing this paper. The topic of this paper is a sarcophagus from Split depicting Israelites crossing the Red Sea. It was necessary to find the information about the motif itself and other sarcophagi that were made in stonemasonry workshops in the city of Rome for comparison. The sarcophagus from Split depicting Israelites crossing the Red Sea is the latest dated of sarcophagi which were made in stonemasonry workshops in Rome and were imported into the province of Dalmatia. Until 1902 A.D., when it was bought by the Archaeological Museum in Split, sarcophagus was kept in the monastery of St. Francis in the same city. This theme is common on sarcophagi which were made during the reign of Emperor Theodosius. Sarcophagus from Split was made during the period between 315 A.D. the year in which the arch of Constantine was dedicated and 410 A.D. the year in which Visigoths plundered Rome. After that event in 410 A.D. the production of stonemasonry workshops in Rome stopped. Stylistic features such as elongated and framed eye sockets and pierced pupils prove that this sarcophagus was made during or after the reign of Emperor Theodosius. Time frame was narrowed down thanks to the type of hairstyle Miriam wears. Variations of this hairstyle were worn shortly after the reign of Emperor Constantine and slowly disappeared during the reign of Emperor Theodosius. Taking all these facts into account Nenad Cambi and Guntram Koch came to a conclusion that sarcophagus from Split was made around 390 A.D. The motif of Israelites crossing the Red Sea itself is displayed on the front of the sarcophagus. Left side of the chest is decorated with fishbone motif (squammae). The scene of adoring the holy cross is displayed on the right side of the chest and on the back of the chest three characters are shown. The central character is a praying woman, with young apostles on her each side. Unfortunately, the lid of this sarcophagus has never been found.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)rimska provincija Dalmacija Salona Nenad Cambi importirani sarkofazi motiv prelaska Izraelaca preko Crvenog mora Arheološki muzej Split samostan sv. Frane u Splitu teodozijski/poslijeteodozijski tip sarkofaga motiv ribljih ljuskica (squammae) prikaz štovanja križa
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:451601
CommitterMarta Unković