undergraduate thesis
Epidemiology of accidents

Ana Pole (2016)
University of Zadar
Department of Health Studies
Metadata
TitleEpidemiologija nesreća
AuthorAna Pole
Mentor(s)Alan Medić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Tema mog završnog rada je Epidemiologija nesreća. U radu opisujem pojam nesreća, povijest nesreća, koji su najčešći uzroci nesreća, tko su najčešće žrtve, prema dobi i spolu, kakva je slika nesreća u Hrvatskoj u usporedbi sa drugim Europskim zemljama, te koje su vrste prevencije i kako svi zajedno možemo utjecati na suzbijanje nesreća, koje su epidemija modernog vremena. Nesreće su sve veći društveni a samim tim i javnozdravstveni problem. Statistički podaci ukazuju koliko se nesreće učestalo događaju i koliki utjecaj imaju na cjelokupnu populaciju, skupa sa svojim teškim posljedicama. Spol je jedan od najvažnijih epidemioloških čimbenika koji utječu na pojavu nesreća. 2-3 puta češće pogibaju muškarci nego žene. Tri najrizičnije dobne skupine ljudi u cjelokupnoj populaciji su djeca do 14 godina, mladi odrasli ljudi od 15-24 godine te stariji ljudi od 65 godina i više. U dječijoj dobi nesreće sa smrtnim ishodom najčešće su u cestovnom prometu, gdje djeca sudjeluju kao pješaci. U mladoj odrasloj dobi nesreće sa smrtnim završetkom najčešće su u cestovnom prometu ,gdje osobe sudjeluju kao vozači motornih vozila, te u opasnim sportovima. U starijoj životnoj dobi, iznad 65 godina, smrtni ishodi su najčešći zbog padova, samoubojstava i nesreća u cestovnom prometu. Vodeći vanjski uzroci smrti od ozljeda u nesrećama u Hrvatskoj, 2014. godine su: padovi (41%), samoubojstva (26%) i prometne nesreće (13%). Standardizirana stopa smrtnosti u nesrećama za sve dobi za Hrvatsku je 2008. godine iznosila 57,1/100 000 i bila je viša od prosjeka zemalja EU (38,6/100 000), ali značajno niža od prosjeka država europske regije (73,6/100 000).
KeywordsEpidemiology of accident tipes of injury prevention of accidents
Parallel title (English)Epidemiology of accidents
Committee MembersIvana Gusar (committee chairperson)
Boris Dželalija (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Zadar
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Health Studies
PlaceZadar
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
Clinical Medical Sciences
Nursing
Study programme typeprofessional
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeNursing
Academic title abbreviationbacc. med. techn.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-07-14
Parallel abstract (English)
The subject of my final thesis is Epidemiology of accidents. The paper describes the concept of accidents, history of accidents, which are the most common causes of accidents, who are the victims, according to age and gender, what is the image of accidents in Croatia in comparison with other European countries, and what are the types of prevention and how we can influence suppression of accidents, which are epidemics of modern times. Accidents are a major social and therefore a public health problem. Statistical data indicate how many accidents frequently occur and what impact they have on the entire population, along with it's serious consequences. Gender is one of the most important epidemiological factors that affect the occurrence of accidents. 2-3 times more likely to get killed are men than women. The three highest risk age group of people in the total population are children under 14 years, young adults aged 15-24 and older people aged 65 and over. The children participate mostly in road traffic accident resulting in death, where children participate as pedestrians. In young adulthood accidents with fatal ending are most common in road traffic, where they participate as drivers of motor vehicles, and in dangerous sports. In old age, over 65 years, most common fatalities are due to falls, suicides and accidents in road traffic. The leading external causes of death from injury in accidents in Croatia in 2014 were: falls (41%), suicide (26%) and traffic accidents (13%). The standardized mortality rate in accidents for all ages for Croatia in 2008 amounted to 57.1 / 100 000 and was higher than the EU average (38.6 / 100,000), but significantly lower than the average of the countries of the European region (73.6 / 100,000).
Parallel keywords (Croatian)Epidemiologija nesreća vrste ozljede prevencija nesreća
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:461703
CommitterMarta Unković