master's thesis
Hanseatic league and its significance for Northern Europeꞌs trade from 12th to 17th century

Ivana Banić (2015)
Sveučilište u Zadru
Odjel za povijest
Metadata
TitleHanza i njezino značenje za trgovinu sjeverne Europe od 12. do 17. stoljeća
AuthorIvana Banić
Mentor(s)Mithad Kozličić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Hanza, odnosno Hanzeatski savez, predstavljala je od druge polovice 12. stoljeća udruženje donjonjemačkih trgovaca u inozemstvu, nastalo radi sigurnosti i zaštite njihovih interesa, a tijekom 13. stoljeća se razvila u savez donjonjemačkih trgovačkih gradova. Tendencija stvaranja trgovačkih saveza gradova bila je uzrokovana slabljenjem središnje vlasti u Njemačkoj, koja više nije mogla jamčiti sigurnost u zemlji, pa su se zato osnivala privatna trgovačka društva koja su svojim članovima pružala potrebnu zaštitu. Formiranju Hanzeatskog saveza prethodilo je osnivanje nekoliko zasebnih saveza trgovačkih gradova predvođenih Lübeckom, Dortmundom i Kölnom koji su se sredinom 13. stoljeća okupili u jedan. S vremenom su savezu pristupili i drugi gradovi pa je on do polovice 14. stoljeća brojio oko 180-200 članova. Najviši organ Hanzeatskog saveza bila je skupština gradova članova tzv. Hansetag. Temelj hanzeatske trgovine predstavljale su trgovačke povlastice koje je savez u ime svojih članova izborio kod vladara susjednih država. Na temelju njih su hanzeatski trgovci ostvarili monopol u trgovini Sjevernim i Baltičkim morem. Savez je vrhunac moći dosegnuo 1370. godine nakon uspjeha u ratu protiv Danske čime je potvrdio svoj gospodarski monopol na morima Sjeverne Europe. Nakon ovog trijumfa snaga saveza je postupno slabila zbog sukoba i neslaganja unutar članova saveza koji su bili plod političkih i gospodarskih promjena u Sjevernoj i Zapadnoj Europi što je rezultiralo propadanjem hanzeatske trgovačke mreže a u konačnici i samoga Hanzeatskog saveza.
KeywordsHanseatic league history 12th-17th century North Europe trade trade networks confederation of cities Hanseatic city Hansetag cog
Parallel title (English)Hanseatic league and its significance for Northern Europeꞌs trade from 12th to 17th century
Committee MembersValentina Zovko
Mithad Kozličić
Mateo Bratanić
GranterSveučilište u Zadru
Lower level organizational unitsOdjel za povijest
PlaceZadar
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineHUMANISTIC SCIENCES
History
Early Croatian and World History
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeHistory
Academic title abbreviationmag. hist.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2015-12-09
Parallel abstract (English)
Hansa, also known as Hanseatic league was a loose confederation of north German trade cities. It grew out of trade associations that had begun to develope in the late 12th century. The weeknes of the imperial power in Germany made it neccesary for these cities to band together for common protection of their trade interests. The Hanseatic league has resulted from three earlier confederations that were grouped around the cities of Lübeck, Dortmund and Hamburg. By the middle of 14th century network of alliances grew to 180- 200 cities and included almost all German towns along the North and Baltic seas. The league had no formal constitution. Its only governing body was a congress named Hansetag that was made up of merchant from various hanseatic cities. The league used system of trade based on privileges given by the foreign rulers and by the begining of the 14th century gained monopol on North and Baltic see. During the 14th century Danish rulers were constantly traying to break the leagueꞌs power, but in 1370 hanseatic fleet seized Copenhagen and imposed severe peace terms on Denmark. After this political and military triumph the leagueꞌs power gradually declined because of the growing power of neighboring states and changes in the European economic structure. This caused internal conflicts among the cities and ultimately led to the disintegration of the Hanseatic trade network
Parallel keywords (Croatian)Hanza povijest 12.-17. stoljeće trgovina trgovačka mreža Sjeverna Europa savez gradova hanzeatski grad Hansetag hanzeatska koka
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:317554
CommitterMarta Unković